For instance, in the United States, studies have included mostly white patients. The Exercise Respiratory app teaches the user simple, safe and adequate exercises to deal with Asthma and COPD, using interactive tools such as images, videos, calendar with exercise register functionality to keep track on symptoms and exercise frequency and type of activity. Lara et al73 assessed the construct validity of the children's version of the LASS score in a sample of Latino parents of children with asthma. The cACT has a strong correlation with the asthma control classification based on GINA guidelines41 as well as with other asthma assessment tools, such as the Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire,42 the Pediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire,43 and the Child Asthma Short Form.36,44,45 On the contrary, the correlations between the cACT scores and the physiologic tests of asthma, lung function measures and FENO, were not substantial.36,37,39,46, The Cronbach α of .79 indicated good internal consistency of the cACT in the developmental study.36 Also, the cACT had a good test-retest reliability among subjects with the same level of asthma control according to the specialists' rating (r = 0.55).37, Liu et al38 found that 66% of children who were classified as having “very poorly controlled” asthma according to NAEPP EPR-3 guidelines scored 12 or less on the cACT. Thus, clinicians not only need to review the results of the psychometric properties of tools, but they need to also consider whether the tool was evaluated with a similar population and in a similar setting as their intended use. Aim: The mini AQLQ is closely related to the larger questionnaire and was developed to measure the functional impairments that are most troublesome to adult patients (17–70) as a result of their asthma. The following is a list of tools that can be used to assess asthma control; the list is not exhaustive. The Cronbach α was .84 in the children's version73 and .84 in the adult version.74 A Chinese version of the LASS showed high internal consistency as well (Cronbach α = .87).75. The ACT is a patient-centered/completed questionnaire that recalls the patient's experience of 5 items: asthma symptoms (nocturnal and daytime), the use of rescue medications, the effect of asthma on daily functioning, and the patient's perception of asthma control over the previous 4 weeks.9 Each item includes 5 response options corresponding to a 5-point Likert-type rating scale. Asthma: Steps in testing and diagnosis Diagnosing asthma generally includes a medical history, physical exam and lung tests. Programs can use TAARS to conduct a comprehensive or more focused assessment of their referral system. The LASS is composed of 8 items that assess the frequency of cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, asthma attacks, chest pain, nocturnal symptoms, and overall perception of asthma severity over the previous 4 weeks. Baseline assessment tool Excel 1.02 MB 12 February 2020 Decision aids Inhalers for asthma (patient decision aid) PDF 448.65 KB 23 May 2019 Despite the reported merits of these tools, they are not without shortcomings. However, a trained interviewer is required to administer the questionnaire to children 6–10 y old.53,54, The extensive validation data of the ACQ resulted in the ACQ being designated as a core measure for NIH-initiated clinical research in adults.40 The ACQ has been validated for use as a self-administered tool in-person, at home, or by telephone.40 Moderate to strong correlations resulted from comparing the ACQ with the AQLQ (r = 0.76),54 Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (r = 0.72 and 0.74),55 the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36) (r = 0.19–0.55),56 and the ACT (r = −0.82 to −0.89).13,14,19. Aim: The AQLQ was developed to measure the functional problems (physical, emotional, social, and occupational) that are most troublesome to adults (17–70 years) with asthma. Nonetheless, considerable differences between them still exist. Several standardized self-administered asthma control assessment tools have been developed to quantify the level of asthma control. Weak correlations were observed between the LASS scores and the use of a bronchodilator (r = 0.21), asthma-related emergency department visits (r = 0.18), and hospitalization (r = 0.19).73 The correlation between LASS scores and the lung function tests was weak with percent-of-predicted FEV1 (r = −0.20) and insubstantial with percent-of-predicted peak flow.73 Similarly, LASS scores of the adult version showed strong correlation with AQLQ and weak correlation with FEV1, asthma-related emergency department visits, and hospitalizations. Intended population: adults with asthma (17 years and older). This version was derived from the adult version developed by Vollmer et al.66. Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois. Schatz et al13 reported that changes in ACT scores were strongly correlated with changes in ACQ scores, moderately correlated with changes in specialist control ratings, and weakly correlated with change in percent-of-predicted FEV1 values. Subsequently, responses for each of the 5 items are summed to yield a score ranging from 5 (poor asthma control) to 25 (complete asthma control).9, Overall validity of the ACT has been assessed more than any other asthma control assessment tool. Correspondence: Ellen A Becker PhD RRT-NPS RPFT AE-C FAARC, Rush University, Armour Academic Center, Suite 750, 600 South Paulina Street, Chicago, IL 60612. Overall validity of the ACT has been assessed more than any other asthma control assessment tool. The authors reported a test-retest reliability of 0.77. The Tool for Assessing Asthma Referral Systems (TAARS) is intended for use by asthma control programs as a guide in helping to understand the how effectively their referral systems are operating within their programs. The total scores were lower after resolution of asthma exacerbation compared with the scores during the exacerbation. According to 2008 GINA guidelines,28 which have the same definition and criteria of asthma control as the 2015 GINA guidelines, an ACT score of ≥23 and a score ≤19 indicates well-controlled asthma29 and uncontrolled asthma, respectively.9,13,25,30 A cutoff score of ≤19 was associated with higher risk of adverse asthma outcomes, such as asthma exacerbation17,31 and urgent health-care utilization.17,32 With regard to NAEPP EPR-3 guidelines, a score of ≥20 indicates well-controlled asthma, a score of 16–19 indicates not well-controlled asthma, and a score of ≤15 indicates very poorly controlled asthma.13,33 An ACT score of ≤15 predicted future asthma exacerbations in multiple studies.26,33,34 The variations in the ACT performance against the 2008 GINA and NAEPP EPR-3 guidelines could be attributed to the slight differences between the components of asthma control in the 2 guidelines. And attacks can vary widely from person to person adversely affect school and. 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