The short answer to the question, why the story of Spartacus has fascinated people for centuries, is that it is a story of the endless quest for freedom on the part of humankind. Starz incredibly popular Spartacus series – which depicted the gladiators journey from freedom to slavery and then rebellion – sadly came to its conclusion on Friday with undoubtedly one of the greatest finales in TV history.As a massive fan of the show there was a Spartacus shaped void looming over me following the finale, until I came across … Encamped at the Lucanian Lake, this splinter band was surprised by Crassus and his legions. Spartacus © Roman slave and gladiator, and leader of a famous slave revolt. Paperback. [55] Spartacus has been a great inspiration to left-wing revolutionaries, most notably the German Spartacus League (1915–18), a forerunner of the Communist Party of Germany. Spartacus dreams of a simple, dignified life with Flavia. Imagine Spartacus’s wife announcing, perhaps after a vision in a trance that Dionysus had sent a snake as a sign of Spartacus’s great power. The Real Story of Spartacus. Florus described him as one "who, from a Thracian mercenary, had become a Roman soldier, that had deserted and became enslaved, and afterward, from consideration of his strength, a gladiator". Spartacus, born in Thrace and sold into gladiatorial slavery in Rome, led a slave revolt in Capua that became the Third Servile War. Roman slave and gladiator, and leader of a famous slave revolt. Eventually, Spartacus would find himself as a gladiator and earn quite a name for himself as one of the best fighters in the ring. In the time before the arrival of Spartacus, the House of Batiatus faces many challenges from competitors, and within its own household. [27] They spent the winter of 73–72 BC training, arming and equipping their new recruits, and expanding their raiding territory to include the towns of Nola, Nuceria, Thurii and Metapontum. The rural slave lived a life in the frontier thus better equipping themselves to march with Spartacus' army. [25] Of the slaves that joined Spartacus ranks, they were from the countryside. Romance, adventure, and a cast of thousands! However, all sources agree that he was a former gladiator and an accomplished military leader. Pages Businesses Nonprofit Organization Phantom Regiment Videos The real story of Spartacus He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. Finally, the Spartacus script is here for all you quotes spouting fans of the Stanley Kubrick movie with Kirk Douglas. Spartacus has become legend, but legends often lead to false history. The punishment for deserting the legion was to be sold into slavery. Create your own! Spartacus, American epic adventure film, released in 1960, that recounts the story of a historical slave uprising (73–71 bce) against Rome. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. The catalogue described it as follows: "Spartacus, a Thracian prince, made Roman slave, was condemned to the lowly status of gladiator. Plutarch writes that Spartacus wished to escape north into Cisalpine Gaul and disperse his men back to their homes. [citation needed], In the spring of 72 BC, the rebels left their winter encampments and began to move northward. Ancient Rome for Kids. Instead, he is selected to fight against his friend Hermes in gladiatorial games to honour Crassus. Little is known about his life before he became one of the slave leaders in the Third Servile War, the slave uprising war against the Roman … Timelines. Spartacus is written into history as a significant enemy who posed a very real treat to Rome. In 72 BC Spartacus and his army marched north towards Gaul (the Roman term for a region covering France, the Low Countries and northern Italy). Alarmed at the continued threat posed by the slaves, the Senate charged Marcus Licinius Crassus, the wealthiest man in Rome and the only volunteer for the position,[35] with ending the rebellion. Pricing My Storyboards Log In Log Out The Story Of Spartacus. Spartacus' escape route was blocked at Brundisium by a third Roman force recalled from Macedonia. Spartacus is an American television series produced in New Zealand that premiered on Starz on January 22, 2010, and concluded on April 12, 2013. Lucretia is a major character in the Spartacus series. Updated: 5/21/2019. In contrast, urban slaves were more suited for city life, being considered "privileged" and "lazy. He was an extremely interesting “case” to bring to a room of students, for it appeared that his “problems” began when he was in company with a number of people and other animals, i.e. It is about the historic slave revolt led by Spartacus around 71 BCE. ACT I. The body of Spartacus was not found." He has become a modern-day inspirational figure. Once free, the escaped gladiators chose Spartacus and two Gallic slaves—Crixus and Oenomaus—as their leaders. Spartacus' story begins in Thrace, a region to the north of Greece, the west of Italy, and to the south of the Celtic tribes. The following is an article from The Best of the Best of Uncle John's Bathroom Reader. [45] Spartacus now turned his forces around and brought his entire strength to bear on the legions in a last stand, in which the rebels were routed completely, with the vast majority of them being killed on the battlefield.[46]. Rome as a Republic. The film traces the story of the slave Spartacus (played by Douglas), who earns a reputation for courage as a gladiator while a possession of the wealthy Lentulus … Watch Spartacus: Gods of the Arena 123movies online for free. Spartacus is forced to kill Hermes in the arena. [29] The two legions were initially successful—defeating a group of 30,000 rebels commanded by Crixus near Mount Garganus[30]—but then were defeated by Spartacus. [11] Plutarch also writes that Spartacus' wife, a prophetess of the Maedi tribe, was enslaved with him. The History Channel's Barbarians Rising features the story of Spartacus in its third episode entitled "Rebellion". The new insurrection threatened Rome itself, a city where a great percentage of the inhabitants were slaves. This script is a transcript that was painstakingly transcribed using the screenplay and/or viewings of Spartacus. The military machine of imperial Rome, led by the Roman consul, Crassus, wages a cruel campaign of conquest, destroying everything in its path. The work follows the exploits of Spartacus, the leader of the slave uprising against the Romans known as the Third Servile War, although the ballet's storyline takes considerable liberties with the historical record. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. Also due to Social War, some of Spartacus' ranks were legion veterans. The true story of the slave who became the most feared man in the Roman Empire! The Real Story of Spartacus. This uprising against the Roman Republic, commonly referred to as the Third Servile War, saw Spartacus joined by a number of Gauls in fighting against Roman dominance. The Story Of Spartacus. The fiction series was inspired by the historical figure of Spartacus, a Thracian gladiator who from 73 to 71 BC led a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic departing from Capua. As the series develops, the story follows the … [7] The authors refer to the Thracian tribe of the Maedi,[8][9][10] which occupied the area on the southwestern fringes of Thrace, along its border with the Roman province of Macedonia – present day south-western Bulgaria. Rome as a Kingdom. The response of the Romans was hampered by the absence of the Roman legions, which were already engaged in fighting a revolt in Spain and the Third Mithridatic War. I know, I know, I still need to get the cast names in there and I'll be eternally tweaking it, so if you have any corrections, feel free to drop me a line.You won't hurt my feelings. Spartacus: Gods of the Arena Movies123: Before Spartacus struck down his first opponent in the arena, there were many gladiators who passed through the gates onto the sand. To say that would be going beyond the evidence, but she certainly added to … Several sports clubs around the world, in particular the former Soviet and the Communist bloc, were named after the Roman gladiator. Being a body slave, she … "[26] Of the people who fought in Spartacus' army, it shows that the revolt did not have the goal of freeing all slaves. Karl Marx was a fan. Rome dispatched militia under the command of praetor Gaius Claudius Glaber, who besieged Spartacus and his camp on Mount Vesuvius, hoping that starvation would force Spartacus to surrender. Though the rebels lacked military training, they displayed a skilful use of available local materials and unusual tactics when facing the disciplined Roman armies. According to the differing sources and their interpretation, Spartacus was a captive taken by the legions. We all know that when shows or movies add the ol’ “Based On Actual Events” line, it rarely means we’ll be watching a true-to-life reenactment of events.More often, the truth is stretched thin over the fiction.  © [50] Appian also states that he later abandoned that goal, which might have been no more than a reflection of Roman fears. In regards to his ties with the Roman Empire, historians aren’t quite sure of what exactly happened. [23] With these successes, more and more slaves flocked to the Spartacan forces, as did "many of the herdsmen and shepherds of the region", swelling their ranks to some 70,000. Based on the events in late 73 BC and early 72 BC, which suggest independently operating groups of escaped slaves[51] and a statement by Plutarch, it appears that some of the escaped slaves preferred to plunder Italy, rather than escape over the Alps. He was sold into slavery and trained at the gladiatorial school in Capua, north of Naples. The anime series. It was first staged, with choreography by Leonid Yakobson, in Leningrad 1956, but only with qualified success … Don’t get us wrong when we say Spartacus was based on historical events and characters - we aren’t talking National Geographic levels of accuracy here - but just how closely they stick to what … Spartacus (Russian: «Спартак», Spartak) is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978). Spartacus is the dramatic story of the leader of a band of slaves uprising against cruel Roman rule. Spartacus duly joined the ranks, and in time his situation was brought to the forefront of the course, and was assessed and analysed at great length. He becomes a favorite of the crowd, leading Senator Albinius to commute his death sentence to a life of slavery. The Spartacus story proved equally popular within communist circles who were attracted to the idea of his rebellion as precursor to their own popular working-class revolutions. He was the one who, along with Crixus, Gannicus, Castus, and Oenomaus, escaped the gladiator school and led one of the most famous uprisings in Roman history. [38] Minor sources mention that there were some attempts at raft and shipbuilding by the rebels as a means to escape, but that Crassus took unspecified measures to ensure the rebels could not cross to Sicily, and their efforts were abandoned. Did she actually inspire Spartacus’s revolt? In Vengeance, it is revealed that Lucretia survived the … Though few in number, they seized kitchen utensils, fought their way free from the school, and seized several wagons of gladiatorial weapons and armour. Unfortunately, like most slave uprisings throughout history, the Spartacus rebellion failed. Having escaped from prison, he raised an army of malcontents, and struck terror right into heart of Rome. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. Little is known about this fighting enslaved man from Thrace beyond his role in the spectacular revolt that became known as the Third Servile War (73–71 BCE). [17] In 73 BC, Spartacus was among a group of gladiators plotting an escape. Spartacus is a show about a boy and his dog Spartacus. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. The book inspired the 1960 film directed by Stanley Kubrick and the 2004 TV adaptation by Robert Dornhelm. Beneath the legend, there lies the story of a man who was at turns both a … We have two main sources: Plutarch of Chaeronea (46-c.122) describes this war in his Life of Crassus (text), and one generation later, Appian told the story in his History of the Civil wars (text). Spartacus escaped in 73 BC and took refuge on nearby Mount Vesuvius, where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him. Spartacus is in despair. He is remembered for his rebellion against the oligarchical Roman reign during 73-72 BC. Spartacus, leader in the Gladiatorial War (73–71 BCE) against Rome. Although relatively little is known about him beyond his role in the war, it is generally believed that he was a gladiator and that his … Copy. He was an inspiration to many slaves who joined his forces because he also was an escaped slave turned … • The film Spartacus (1960), which was executive-produced by and starred Kirk Douglas, was based on Howard Fast's novel Spartacus and directed by Stanley Kubrick. The Story Of Spartacus. Only a few key changes were made to wrap up some of the show’s story arcs. By the end of 72 BC, they were camped at Rhenium, (now Reggio di Calabria) probably intending to go on to Sicily. harvnb error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFStrauss2009 (. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Spartacus (Russian: «Спартак», Spartak) is a ballet by Aram Khachaturian (1903–1978). The Spartakiad was a Soviet bloc version of the Olympic games. Five out of twenty Kings of the Thracian Spartocid dynasty of the Cimmerian Bosporus[12] and Pontus[13] are known to have borne it, and a Thracian "Sparta" "Spardacus"[14] or "Sparadokos",[15] father of Seuthes I of the Odrysae, is also known. In this area, since 1899, there have been finds of armour and swords of the Roman era. This sculpture won instant acclaim. [53] Spartacus Books, one of the longest running collectively-run leftist book stores in North America, is also named in his honour. Among the chained prisoners doomed to slavery are Thracian king, Spartacus and his wife, Phrygia. A noble hero meets a black-hearted villain in battle! Some say that his body was dumped unceremoniously among the corpses of less famous people, left unburied to be eaten by animals and birds. Both accounts describe more or less the same events in exactly the same sequence, and it is tempting to see the same source behind their stories, probably the Histories of Sallust or (less likely) Liv… Spartacus may have served in the Roman Army. The administration in Rome now began to take the threat from Spartacus seriously and the Roman politician and general Marcus Licinius Crassus led an army south. Spartacus is a 1951 historical novel by American writer Howard Fast. Spartacus was a gladiator who was originally from Thrace. According to Plutarch, Spartacus made a bargain with Cilician pirates to transport him and some 2,000 of his men to Sicily, where he intended to incite a slave revolt and gather reinforcements. [18] The escaped slaves defeated soldiers sent after them, plundered the region surrounding Capua, recruited many other slaves into their ranks, and eventually retired to a more defensible position on Mount Vesuvius.[20][21]. Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. Spartacus (c. 109-71 B.C.) Their insurrection came to be known as the Third Servile War, or the Gladiators’ War. But in his failing, Spartacus left behind a story of such bravery that even the Romans he fought commended him. Gladiators. The rebels also defeated a second expedition, nearly capturing the praetor commander, killing his lieutenants and seizing the military equipment. "Spartakus. With John Hannah, Manu Bennett, Peter Mensah, Dustin Clare. Crassus was put in charge of eight legions, approximately 40,000 trained Roman soldiers,[36][failed verification][37] which he treated with harsh, even brutal discipline, reviving the punishment "decimation" on units. [49][clarification needed], Toussaint Louverture, a leader of the slave revolt that led to the independence of Haiti, has been called the "Black Spartacus". [5] Appian says he was "a Thracian by birth, who had once served as a soldier with the Romans, but had since been a prisoner and sold for a gladiator".[6]. Howard Fast Data Protection Choices. Or … Khachaturian composed Spartacus in 1954, and was awarded a Lenin Prize for the composition that … The rebels were now under siege and cut off from their supplies. The phrase "I'm Spartacus!" Gaia was endowed with beauty and charm. Spartacus's struggle has been inspirational to revolutionaries, politicians and writers since the 19th century. Here, Marcus Crassus made his final stance against Spartacus, and with vastly superior numbers. The people looked up to Spartacus and they were afraid of Spartacus because how rebellious he was. [2] Although this interpretation is not specifically contradicted by classical historians, no historical account mentions that the goal was to end slavery in the Republic. Look if you don't know about it by now, I've got nothing for you. Comparison, US and Roman Republic Governments. Spartacus is purchased by Batiatus for gladiator training, who promises to help him find Sura if he proves himself in training. She is often seen dressed in stylish robes, wearing a bright red wig and possesses a great amount of jewelry. Genner, Michael. [41] While Crassus feared that Pompey's arrival would cost him the credit, Spartacus unsuccessfully tried to reach an agreement with Crassus. That all shall know of Crassus’s … Around 6,000 of his followers who escaped were hunted down and crucified. The Roman loss was about 1,000. This storyboard was created … Spartacus summary: Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator. These defeats are depicted in divergent ways by the two most comprehensive (extant) histories of the war by Appian and Plutarch.[31][32][33][34]. It indeed corresponded to academic canons: Spartacus is naked, as were antique heroes, and his imposing stature is … The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim. The Story Of Spartacus. Spartacus, however, proves to be a formidable gladiator, and defeats the four gladiators tasked with executing him. Horatius at the Bridge. This rebellion, interpreted by some as an example of oppressed people fighting for their freedom against a slave-owning oligarchy, has provided inspiration for many political thinkers, and has been featured in literature, television, and film. One by one, each slave follows suit, choosing death over betraying the man who brought him freedom. Furthermore, the Romans considered the rebellion more of a policing matter than a war. [42] When Crassus refused, Spartacus and his army broke through the Roman fortifications and headed up the Bruttium peninsula with Crassus's legions in pursuit. On The Spartacus Road is a fusion of a typical memoir and a history book, detailing former The Times editor, Peter Stothard’s journey along “The Spartacus Road” that takes you from Rome to Capua, to the first slave stronghold at Mount Vesuvius (featured in Spartacus: Vengeance) and lastly to Senerchia where the battle that would seal Spartacus’s and the rebel armies fate took place. Here are some false things you believe about Spartacus. The slaves managed to break through the fortifications that Crassus had built to trap them, but were pursued to Lucania where the rebel army was destroyed. As Spartacus continued to have success against the Roman army, more and more slaves began to desert their owners and join up with Spartacus. Crime … Three Periods in Roman History. The penultimate episode of “Spartacus,” titled “The Dead and the Dying,” airs tonight. by dd45343. Melitta is the wife of Oenomaus and servant in Batiatus' Ludus. It was considered by some to herald the revival of neoclassical statuary. The work follows the exploits of Spartacus, the leader of the slave uprising against the Romans known as the Third Servile War, although the ballet's storyline takes considerable liberties with the historical record. [18], About 70[19] slaves were part of the plot. 12 Tables. Little is known about him beyond the events of the war, and surviving historical accounts are sometimes contradictory. [47] Six thousand survivors of the revolt captured by the legions of Crassus were crucified, lining the Appian Way from Rome to Capua.[48]. Spartacus The fiction series was inspired by the historical figure of Spartacus, a Thracian gladiator who from 73 to 71 BC led a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic departing from Capua.Executive producers Steven S. DeKnight and Robert Tapert focused on … A rebel uprising! They fought off a series of attacks from Roman forces, but then turned south. This historical detective story leads us on an intriguing and visually spectacular journey to expose the true story of the soldier, robber, slave and gladiator who led the most memorable slave uprising of the Roman Republic. Only 1,000 Romans died. Geography, Natural Resources, Maps. Sold into Slavery in 73 bc to Lentulus Batiates in a ludus in Capua 25km or so north of Mt Vesuvius. This historical detective story leads us on an intriguing and visually spectacular journey to expose the true story of the soldier, robber, slave and gladiator who led the most memorable slave uprising of the Roman Republic. Spartacus, American epic adventure film, released in 1960, that recounts the story of a historical slave uprising (73–71 bce) against Rome.The movie, which starred Kirk Douglas and was directed by Stanley Kubrick, won widespread critical acclaim.. THRACE IS THE PLACE As the movie Spartacus opens, the hero is sweaty and bedraggled, breaking up rocks. The name Spartacus is otherwise manifested in the Black Sea region. By the end of 71 BC, Spartacus was encamped in Rhegium (Reggio Calabria), near the Strait of Messina. Spartacus is a 1960 American epic historical drama film directed by Stanley Kubrick, written by Dalton Trumbo, and based on the 1951 novel of the same title by Howard Fast.It is inspired by the life story of Spartacus, the leader of a slave revolt in antiquity, and the events of the Third Servile War.It stars Kirk Douglas in the title role, Laurence Olivier as Roman general and politician Marcus Licinius Crassus, … He was a heavyweight gladiator called a murmillo. Spartacus's name was chosen in numerous football sides in Slavic Europe. WARNING - [ Spoilers Ahead ] - [ Watch in 1080p HD ] (Sorry for 4:27 sound error) BackToSpartacus! Little is known of the early years of Spartacus. “We’ll free every slave in every town and village!” he screams in the early stages of his revolt. The story of Spartacus was told by Greek author Plutarch in his Lives (v. 46-v.125), a work that drew parallels between famous Greeks and Romans. Spartacus is thought to have been killed in the battle. [38] After this, Crassus's legions were victorious in several engagements, forcing Spartacus farther south through Lucania as Crassus gained the upper hand. Crassus makes ready demonstratively to meet his death, but Spartacus, with a gesture of contempt, lets him go. Six thousand of the fleeing enslaved people were captured by Crassus' troops … There was nothing left for Spartacus to do but to try to beat Crassus' army in battle. It is known that Spartacus was of Thracian origins and eventually captured and enslaved by the Roman army. View This Storyboard as a Slide Show! Interpretation: This answers the question in the way that The people were very violent. He has become a modern-day inspirational figure. Explore Ancient Rome. Roman leader Gaius Claudius Glaber has died, and former rivals become rebel generals, joining the war against the empire. The mascot for the Ottawa Senators, Spartacat, is also named after him. Early Life The early life of spartacus was not documented however it is believed that spartacus had served in the roman military and was born in Thrace. In these altercations Spartacus proved to be an excellent tactician, suggesting that he may have had previous military experience. Voila! Writes Appian, " So great was the slaughter that it was impossible to count them. Karl Marx listed Spartacus as one of his heroes and described him as "the most splendid fellow in the whole of ancient history" and a "great general, noble character, real representative of the ancient proletariat". Classical historians were divided as to the motives of Spartacus. Questions About Remote Learning? was a gladiator from Thrace, most famous as a leader in a major slave revolt. Why endless, one may object — has history not “ended’, normatively speaking, when liberal, capitalist democracy appeared to triumph conclusively at the fall of the Berlin Wall, as Francis Fukuyama would have it? Spartacus was a citizen of Rome, which means he was a free male. Read more. The Roman Senate turns to a ruthless politician to put down the slaves- Marcus Crassus, takes on a young rising star - Julius Caesar - as an ally. [43], When the legions managed to catch a portion of the rebels separated from the main army,[44] discipline among Spartacus's forces broke down as small groups independently attacked the oncoming legions. Although his uprising was not an attempt at social revolution, his name has frequently been invoked by revolutionaries such as Adam Weishaupt in the late 18th century and members of the German Spartacus League of 1916–19. [16] Spartacus was trained at the gladiatorial school (ludus) near Capua belonging to Lentulus Batiatus. Tod des Spartacus by Hermann Vogel. The short answer to the question, why the story of Spartacus has fascinated people for centuries, is that it is a story of the endless quest for freedom on the part of humankind. In modern times, Spartacus became an icon for communists and socialists. Highly expressive sculpture. Khachaturian composed Spartacus in 1954, and was awarded a Lenin Prize for the composition that same year. The Etruscans. As the Starz drama “Spartacus: War of the Damned” hurtles towards its conclusion, Speakeasy asked historian Barry Strauss to reflect on some of the important but little-known aspects of the true story of Spartacus. Spartacus's name was also used in athletics in the Soviet Union and communist states of Central and Eastern Europe. The Senate. Though ordered not to engage the rebels, Mummius attacked at a seemingly opportune moment but was routed. Soon Spartacus' forces had grown to over 70,000 slaves! The gladiators used their fighting experience to train the slaves how to fight. The legend of Spartacus has inspired so many fanciful retellings, it's easy to lose track of what actually happened back in 73 BC. Quick Comparison: Ancient Greeks vs. [35] When Spartacus and his followers, who for unclear reasons had retreated to the south of Italy, moved northward again in early 71 BC, Crassus deployed six of his legions on the borders of the region and detached his legate Mummius with two legions to maneuver behind Spartacus. The Story of Spartacus the Rebel Slave: Five Reads to Fill the Void. Thousands of others were killed by the army of the Roman general Pompey, who then claimed the credit for suppressing the rebellion. Enraged, Crassus orders them all to be crucified during a long march, lining the Appian Way road from Brindusia to Rome with their bodies. Spartacus began the great slave rebellion in 73 B.C ( Source) Who Was Spartacus? He also finds Varinia, clutching Spartacus' newborn … According to the surviving sources, Spartacus was from Thrace, an area in southeast Europe that the Romans were often trying to subjugate during the first century B.C.. She is a Roman woman of moderate standing in the land of Capua and lives with her husband, Quintus Lentulus Batiatus, in the villa above his ludus.Through her husband's and her own schemes, the couple manage to climb quite high on the social scale, only to fall after Spartacus seeks revenge and rebels. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. Early Life The early life of spartacus was not documented however it is believed that spartacus had served in the roman military and was born in Thrace. Spartacus defeated Crassus, but the latter's forces eventually turned the tables and decimated Spartacus'. Spartacus was brought to Capua by Batiatus to become a gladiator. [57] This name was also used for the mass gymnastics exhibition held every five years in Czechoslovakia. from this film has been referenced in a number of other films, television programs, and commercials. Viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets ( CSS ) if do! Gaul and disperse his men back to their homes in 1954, and was directed by Stanley Kubrick and 2004... Name was also used in athletics in the Arena very violent him was because of the ’! This war slave revolt with an army derived of many different people, Celts Gauls... Every slave in every town and village! ” he screams in the general... Commended him unfortunately, like most slave uprisings throughout history, the rebels, Mummius attacked at seemingly! And their interpretation, Spartacus was a revolutionary socialist group, formed in Germany in 1916, which unsuccessfully to! Where large numbers of other escaped slaves joined him [ 39 ] Spartacus was a Thracian gladiator was. 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